I have yet to come across a person who does not enjoy sleep. Other than being utterly relaxing, it is scientifically proven that the human body needs a solid 8 hours of snooze time to function optimally. Sleep deprivation can lead to weight gain, inability to focus and concentrate, exhaustion and so many other issues. We have all been sleep deprived at some point in our lives, but what if you had a sleeping disorder that kept you from sleeping? Not insomnia, rather one that feels like you have woken up in a nightmare, but you can’t move or make a sound. It’s called Sleep Paralysis and for sufferers, it’s absolutely terrifying!
Firstly, yes, this is a tongue-twister, I had to have a few goes before I pronounced it properly, not to mention that it sounds like a scary zombie disease! So, what does it actually mean? To break it down quite simply- Paroxymal is means a sudden outburst or attack; nocturnal means night and dyspnea is shortness of breath. Together, Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND) is the sense of oxygen deficiency during sleep, the oxygen deprivation causes a person to cough and wheeze, which significantly increases diastolic pressure.
One of the basics of good health is the prevention of severe diseases. One of these severe diseases is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a disease which is characterized by more than 10-15 episodes of sleep apnea per hour. It is important to distinguish simple snoring from sleep apnea.
Snoring is the sound of obstructed air movement in the respiratory system due to excessively relaxed throat muscles and tissues. This obstructed air causes the soft tissue in the throat and roof of the mouth to vibrate which creates a sound while sleeping. The snoring noise can be produced both ways- from breathing in and breathing out.
It is commonly known that men usually snore more than women. According to statistics, more than a third of men and almost one-fifth of women snore after thirty years old, and this increases with age. After the age of 60, 60% of men and more than 30% of women snore. To understanding why men snore more than women, we need to understand the physiology of snoring.